New state parties struggle for toehold

STEVE LeBLANC, Associated Press
BOSTON (AP) — When Massachusetts voters cast ballots on Election Day, they not only picked winners and losers in a host of key races, they also gave a big boost to those seeking an alternative to the state’s two top political parties. By the time polls closed, the number of parties with official status in the state had doubled.
The Green-Rainbow Party and the United Independent Party now join the Democratic and Republican parties as those with official status, meaning they can hold primaries and field candidates under their party banners.
If the recent history of new parties in Massachusetts is any guide, the real work is just beginning. Now the parties must try to turn that initial success into the more difficult task of winning elected office.
That’s particularly daunting in Massachusetts, a state dominated by Democrats where even Republicans typically face tough odds.
That challenge isn’t dampening the enthusiasm of both parties, who say they’re determined to revive what they see as a moribund political culture.
“When you have two candidates on the ballot — Republican and Democrat — who don’t reflect your values, you’ve effectively had your free speech rights taken away,” said John Andrews, outgoing co-chair of Massachusetts Green-Rainbow Party and a member of party’s national committee.
Evan Falchuk, who is hoping his United Independent Party takes root in Massachusetts, said he’s also responding to disillusioned voters.
“What we’re offering people is the opportunity to build a framework that is going to change the political landscape of Massachusetts so that policy reflects the needs and concerns of ordinary voters,” said Falchuk, who ran as his party’s candidate for governor. “That gets people pretty engaged.”
Both parties won official status during the past election by capturing at least three percent of the vote in a statewide race, according to unofficial returns.
In the governor’s race, Falchuk won just over the 3 percent, or more than 71,000 votes. The Green-Rainbow Party candidates for secretary, treasurer, and auditor also crossed the 3 percent bar.
Keeping official status could be tricky. Each party is pursuing a different path.
The Massachusetts Green-Rainbow Party is associated with the national Green Party, which is planning to run a candidate for president in the next election cycle in 2016.
Since the presidential contest will be the only statewide race in 2016, the party is hoping their national candidate wins at least 3 percent of the vote here to maintain their status. If not, it wouldn’t be the first time the party has lost their official status.
Falchuk is pursuing another route by trying to get at least 1 percent of registered voters to join the United Independent Party, a figure that would allow it to maintain official status. To get there, Falchuk is hoping to persuade about 50,000 Massachusetts voters to enroll.
Their efforts come at a time when Democrats and Republicans have been losing registered voters. More than half of Massachusetts voters currently aren’t enrolled in any party.
Falchuk said he and his supporters will be working hard to sign people up.
“You go out. You touch them. You talk to them. You engage them. You get them to enroll,” he said. “We’re nothing if not hardworking, determined and persistent.”
Falchuk said he’s also hoping to run candidates for state legislative seats under the party’s banner in 2016.
Massachusetts Democratic Party Executive Director Matt Fenlon said he doesn’t see a threat from the two parties, even though some of the policy goals of both parties could appeal to Democrats.
The Green-Rainbow Party, for example, supports universal health care while Falchuk has called for an end to hospital mergers, saying they drive up health care costs.
Fenlon said Democrats, coming off a narrow loss in the governor’s race, are focusing on their core message.
“When Democrats in Massachusetts talk about our programs and
our ideas it works,” he said. “That’s what we’re going to do.”
The smaller parties are quick to dismiss the idea that they could act as spoilers — essentially drawing enough votes from one of the major party candidate who may be ideologically closer to them and ultimately to tip the election to the other major party candidate.
“What really spoils elections is when you don’t have someone on the ballot who reflects your values,” Andrews said.
As is the case with the rest of the Commonwealth, registered voters in Westfield overwhelmingly support either the Democratic or Republican parties, with 27 percent of the city’s 24,176 registered voters registered as Democrats and almost 19 percent registered as Republicans.
The Green-Rainbow party has gained a small foothold in the city, with 53 registered voters residing in Westfield, the fourth-most registrants in the city behind the major parties and the Libertarian Party, which has 85 members.
Independent Parties have even fewer registered members in Westfield, according to the city’s voter sheet this fall.
Only four voters registered to the Massachusetts Independent Party reside in the city and only three members of the American Independent Party, as of October 8.
In Southwick, one of the few municipalities in the Commonwealth where Republicans outnumber Democrats, only 41 of the 6,474 registered voters in the town are registered to designations other than the two major parties, with 17 registered Libertarians and 14 members of the Green-Rainbow Party residing in the town.

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